Slashing CO2

Founded: 2018

HQ: Berlin, Germany

Real dairy sans cows.

Big Picture

The global dairy market already exceeds $700 billion per year and will keep growing to keep up with the tastes of an expanding population. Cheese alone makes up more than a quarter of this total. After beef, cheese is among the world’s most greenhouse gas-intensive foods, so in the absence of innovation, this can only mean more deforestation, more water usage, and more methane emissions. 

How it Works

Formo combines synthetic biology with traditional manufacturing processes to make premium dairy products. They begin with recombinant proteins that they assemble into micelles, essential to preserve the taste and texture of real dairy. Their first branded products will be premium soft European cheeses, such as mozzarella and ricotta, which alone represent a $35 billion global market.

Unfair Advantage

Their cheeses are true dairy products with the taste and performance of traditional mozzarella, but also vegan, lactose-free, and with none of the ethical hang-ups around animal welfare or runaway GHG emissions. This allows Formo to develop high-margin products that meet the expectations of European consumers, then scale up to serve the large B2B market in food services and restaurants.


Tons of CO2e

avoided per ton of cheese


Raffael was previously the business manager at Atlantic Food Labs. He holds an MA in strategy and international management from the University of St. Gallen.


Dr. Winterberg was previously a postdoc in biology at Australia National University. She holds a Doctorate in plant pathology and phytopathology.

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The Spoon